Timely harvest high yield high quality

Timely harvesting is a measure to increase production without any additional input. Different crops have different suitable harvesting periods. Only harvesting within the appropriate period can increase yield and quality. Harvesting too early or too late results in low yield and poor quality.

Maize corn is harvested at the ripening stage. At this point, the leaves of the ear of the ear become white and dry, the grain filling stops, the “dairy line” disappears, the base hardens, and the water content is about 30%. However, the current phenomenon of premature harvest is generally present in production. This is particularly true for some corn varieties with pseudo-mature properties. Generally, when the loquat leaves become white or the top of the grains becomes hard, they begin to be harvested. The actual harvest time is still 7 ~ In 10 days, the grain weight at this time was only about 90% of the harvest.

The harvest of sorghum sorghum is suitable at the end of waxing. At this time, the grains from the tip to the middle and lower part of the ear have hardened and exhibit an inherent color. The grains at the base of the ear have been solidified in a waxy shape. Although they have not yet hardened, there is no juice flowing out when the skin is cut by hand.

Millet millet harvesting period is at maturity. At this time, the yellow leaves of the plants and the yellow stalks of the ear buds are yellow, and all of the seeds exhibit an inherent color. The seeds are powdery or keratinous and relatively hard.

The rice paddy is harvested at the ripening stage in the later stage of yellow ripening. In order to sow wheat in time, the wheat paddy rice can be harvested in advance in the mid-yellow ripening period.

Soybeans are harvested at the end of the yellow maturation period. At this point, the plants and the pods all became yellowish-brown, and most of the leaves fell off. The inner pods of the pods were detached from the moltings and the hand was rattled.

The roots of sweet potato sweet potato are vegetative, with no obvious maturation. If the conditions are right, they can continue to grow. In production, generally, the harvest is started when the ground temperature is 18°C, and the preserved sweet potatoes are harvested from mid-October until the frost falls.

Peanuts and peanuts should be harvested at an appropriate period and should generally be determined based on the plant's appearance and fruit maturity. From the perspective of the plants, when the upper leaves become yellow, the middle and lower leaves turn from green to yellow and gradually fall off, and the stems can be harvested when they turn yellow-green. From the development of pods, when the husk is hardened, the exocarp becomes yellowish-brown and has a clear vein pattern. The sponge tissue in the inner rind is shrunk and broken, and it is dark brown with a metallic luster. The pods are full, thin, and present. The inherent color of this species can be harvested. In some places, the harvesting period is determined solely by the number of days of fertility, and no specific observations and analyses are performed, often resulting in losses from early morning to evening.

Mung beans should be timely harvested when 2/3 of the pods on the plants turn dark brown. However, due to the inconsistent maturation period of pods on the main branches and branches, in order to reduce losses and improve yield and quality, picking pods can be carried out in batches and mature batches can be harvested.

Red Adzuki Bean Red Bean has a long flowering period and the pods mature very inconsistently, often the bottom pods are mature, while the upper pods are still grouting. It is best to adopt the method of harvesting in stages, and harvest a batch of mature ones. If the planting area is large, it can also be harvested when 2/3 of the whole plant capsule turns white-yellow.

The characteristics of the timely harvested sesame plants: most of the leaves are brown, of which more than two thirds have fallen off; the pods are tan and brown, the lower part has cracked, the upper capsule yellowish or yellowish green, still tightly closed, shaking the lower part of the capsule by hand, The seeds exhibit an inherent color.

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