Method for harvesting and storing edible beans

1 Broad bean 1.1 Harvest harvest is appropriate. Autumn sowing beans are usually harvested from April to May, and very few are harvested in early June. Spring sowing beans are generally harvested from July to August. Under normal climatic conditions, it can be harvested when the leaves fall and the pods turn dark brown. After the broad bean is mature, the soybean meal is easy to fall off, and attention is paid to timely harvesting, and harvesting can also be appropriately performed. The harvested plant is hung indoors or in the drying field (to prevent rain), and it will not be affected by the germination rate after being cooked. 1.2 Storage 1.2.1 Storage moisture requirements The moisture content of thresh beans after threshing is relatively high and should not be stored immediately. Broad beans should be aired immediately after harvest. The autumn sowing bean area is stored when the bean grain moisture content is 11% to 12%, and the spring sowing area can be stored below 13% of water content. Usually without moisture measurement tools, the beans after 3 to 4 days of drying are bitten by teeth, such as a bite that is broken and there is a brittle sound, or with a cutting pliers, the beans will force a folder, the beans will be brittle and brittle fracture immediately , indicating that it has been dried and can be stored. 1.2.2 Storage method 1 The large amount of harvested material is stored in the warehouse after fumigation. Use a dry, cool, ventilated, ventilated house as a warehouse and seal all gaps. Prior to the use of 20% limewashing, eliminate eggs and adults. The beans that are stored in the warehouse must not touch the ground. They must be covered with linoleum and the plastic membrane should be protected against moisture. 2 If the harvest is small, it can be stored in containers such as tile jars or tile jars. Put some quicklime at the bottom of the jar or cylinder to absorb moisture. Do not overfill the container. Keep some space to ensure that the seeds breathe weakly. After the bean grain is packed, the mouth is sealed with a plastic film, and then the grass paper and the wood board are covered. The broad bean remaining for seeding is opened before sowing and sown 1 to 2 days after sowing. 2 Peas 2.1 Harvest 1 marketed on soft peas. The soft pod peas harvested on the market are generally harvested 12 to 14 days after flowering when the pods fail to fully elongate. Generally used by hand-picking, the autumn sowing area is generally harvested 4 to 5 times, the spring sowing area is generally harvested 2 to 3 times. 2 The green peas are usually harvested 18 to 20 days after flowering, and harvested by hand. Typically, early-maturing dwarf varieties can be harvested in 1 to 2 harvests, and medium to late-maturing varieties in 2 to 3 harvests. Harvest, but also in a suitable period of time to pull up the pea lianshi one-time harvest, take off all the pods. 3 The peas are listed on dry peas for growth period. Spring sowing is generally harvested between June and August. Autumn sowing is generally harvested between April and June. Wet years are harvested when 70% of the pods are ripe. Dry years are harvested when 80% pods are ripe. The highest seed yield. When harvesting artificially, it should be cut off near the ground, or the plant should be pulled up. Drying on the field is better, and then playing on the field or threshing with a thresher. When the machine is harvested, the moisture content of the seeds is optimally between 21% and 25%. 4 Storage methods for storage of pea seeds usually use relatively modern warehouses to store pea seeds, but they should be protected against moisture, insects and rodents. It is particularly important for northern areas to store bags and enclosures to prevent rodent damage. In the south, pots, pots, jars, and other porcelain are used for storage. The pea seeds that are fully dried (water content 10% to 12%) are packed in porcelain and sealed with a plastic film. To prevent moisture, so even in the hot and rainy season, it can still maintain seed germination and reduce mildew. 3 Mung Bean 3.1 The harvest of mung bean was harvested using multiple methods. After the maturity of mung beans, the clams turn black or brown. If they are not harvested in time and encounter rain, the seeds will germinate or become moldy in the clams, or be harmed by rodents, and the yield and commercial quality will be greatly damaged. Once the green pods turn black, they should be picked immediately. Upright mung beans are generally picked 3 to 4 times, each time between 5 to 7 days. Harvest soybean meal as fertilizer or feed. The picking time is better before the dew is dry in the morning so as to avoid frying and threshing. When picking, hold the stalk with your left hand and pick it carefully with your right hand to avoid falling larvae, short stems and leaves, and branching. After harvesting, promptly dry them and then store them after threshing. It is very difficult to pick the mung bean by hand. It can be harvested when 70% to 80% of the clams are mature and dried and threshed. 3.2 After threshing after storage and drying (water content is 11%~12%), aluminum phosphide shall be used immediately to fumigation and control the mung bean image. The dosage of aluminum phosphide is 7~9g/m3, and fumigation at room temperature above 20°C. ~ 3 days, 3 to 5 days below 20 °C, unsealed after smoking, ventilation for 2 days, 1 to 2 weeks before consumption. A small amount of mung bean seeds can be mixed with 0.1% mungbean peanut oil in peanut oil to cover the surface with peanut oil, and then sealed with a plastic bag and other containers. It can also be soaked in boiled water for about 1 minute, and immediately taken out and dried, the effect is also good. 4 Kidney Bean 4.1 Harvesting Kidney Bean Picking should also be harvested many times by hand. When harvesting, do not pull the vines off so as not to affect the flowers and ripe pods that were opened later. After the last harvest, the plants are all cut off as feed or fertilizer. The harvested soybean meal should be promptly dried and threshed. 4.2 After storage, threshing and drying, cowpeas shall be fumigated with aluminum phosphide immediately after use, with 2~3g aluminum phosphide per cubic meter, sealed fumigation for 2~3 days at room temperature above 20°C, and sealed for 4~5 days below 20°C. After unsealing ventilation for 2 to 3 days, it will be eaten after two weeks. A small amount of cowpea can be soaked in boiling water for 20-30 seconds, or soaked in 70°C hot water for 5 minutes, and then stored in the sun. 5 Multiflora beans 5.1 Harvesting of multi-vegetable beans also requires harvesting in batches. The bases are close to the ground and are easily contaminated and should be harvested as soon as possible. If you eat tender oysters, you should grow in the larvae basically, there is no fiber, juicy, and the seeds have not yet been grouted when the harvest, generally every 4 to 5 days harvest time, receive tender pods for up to 60 to 90 days. It takes up to 2 months to mature. 5.2 After ripening and storage, it should not be threshed and dried in time. The threshing can keep the bean color bright when it is sold. 6 Pigeon Bean 6.1 The harvest of the harvested pigeon peas was also done by hand in batches. If it is annual, it will mainly bloom on the main stem from bottom to top, harvest it in batches, or when the leaves are dry and deciduous, the plant will be cut off at about 1m near the ground, bundled and bundled, and dried. A few days later threshing. In some places, when the pods are 2/3 or 4/5 ripe, the pods are cut and dried. After the branches are beaten, the beans are separated from the broken leaves by an air separator. 6.2 Storage Before storage, it should be dried so that the moisture content of pigeonpea is about 10%. It is stored in the sealed cellar or in the kiln and covered with sand. It can also be stored in malathion-treated bags. When pests occur during storage, they should be fumigated with drugs such as carbon disulfide and aluminum phosphide. The amount and method of application should be as specified in the specification. 7 Winged Bean 7.1 Harvesting of tender pods, dried beans, or tubers differs in terms of time and method. In some places, larvae grow to about 15cm, and they are easily harvested when they are brittle, and 3 can be harvested continuously. Month, once in two days, received the last time the tenderness received the roots. In some places, they are harvested after they have fully grown, and they have been harvested until the plants show signs of ageing. The last harvested seeds are used for sowing in the second year and the roots are immediately harvested. Harvesting green vegetables for harvesting should not be carried out after the alfalfa is fully grown. At this time, there are too many fibers and there are tendons. The better collection period is 6 to 10 days after flowering. The alfalfa has grown to full length. 2/3 ~ 4/5, quality is also good. The maturity of earthworm has successively, so the time for collecting seeds lasts for a long time. When the earthworms are ripe, they should be harvested in time to avoid cracking and threshing. There is a big difference in the root pick-up time. Some places are collected 20-20 weeks after sowing, and some places are collected after 43-56 weeks. In short, it is better to collect roots when the plants begin to age. 7.2 Store the seeds of Winged Bean soaked in dry conditions and stored at low temperature. Seed moisture content is 10% to 12%. Store below 20°C. Seed germination power can be maintained at 50% for 3 years until It will be lost in five years. Because of the large proportion of surface area in the young bean pods, there is also a bubble-like structure near the enamel surface that easily loses moisture. Therefore, the fresh pods are not resistant to storage, so the fresh pods harvested must be sold and eaten within 24 hours. The root preservation time is approximately two months and is generally consumed or sold immediately after harvest.

Mobile Milking Machine/Portable cow milking machine

Milking Machine with Stainless Steel Shelf for Cow

Portable cow milking machine is important equipments for today's dairy industry, it is widely used in small, medium and large farms. Also personal use is more and more common. Milking machine consists of vacuum pump, milk pulsator, electric motor, milk bucket etc.  And the motor could be used electric motor, diesel motor and gasoline motor.

milking machine

Operating Vacuum Degree


Pulsation Times

60-80 times per minute

Pulsation Rate


Power Fitted


Gasoline Engine Standard KW Power and Rotating Speed



110V 220V 240V or 380V

The Number of Milking Cattle Per Hour

20-24 cows per hour

Motor Speed

1440 rpm per minute

The Number of Stainless Steel Milk Bucket

two(each of capacity of 25kg)

Milking Machine

Goat Milking Machine,Milking Machine,Dairy Milking Machine,Portable Milking Machine

Henan Leo Husbandry Equipment Science and Technology ,