The processing technology of burdock fruit

First, harvesting and harvesting The second year of harvesting of burdock seeds is due to the different flowering periods, so the maturation period is inconsistent. In September, when the total alfalfa grows yellow, it is gradually harvested and the ground is harvested. After drying, the seeds are concentrated and the impurities are removed and dried again. The seeds are packed in sacks or sacks. When standing on the top, pick up the cuffs and collar to prevent the spikes from irritating the skin. After all the mining was completed, the underground roots were immediately dug up, and the black skin was peeled off, dried, and placed in a ventilated and dry place. Seeds of 3 000-3 750 kg per hectare.

Second, the use of landscaping: Burdock is a medicinal flower of the foliage and flowers, burdock first year can only grow a bundle of large leaves, paving the ground, it is polite. The second year of twitching grows many lateral branches. The head of the stalk and the top of the purple flower head are very special. The flowering period is very long. In parks and slopes, it is suitable for planting and has the effect of preventing soil erosion and sand. Medical applications: roots containing saponins and terpenoids, promoting ecdysterone, achyrantone, potassium salt and mucus. It is bitter, sour, and flat. Health with scattered blood, eliminate carbuncle swollen; wine supplement liver and kidney, strong bones and muscles. Notes The same plant: Achyranthes longifolia Makino (Achyranthes longifolia Makino) differs from the former species in that the roots of this species are mostly clustered and fleshy. Leaf blade lanceolate or narrowly oblong, 5-15cm long (up to 26.5cm), 0.5-3.5cm wide, apex narrow and long acuminate, below purple to dark purple. When the plants are dry, the purple color often disappears and appears green. Distributed in Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and other provinces (autonomous regions). Whole plant contains ecdysterone, achyrantone, epiderivum and erythrone. In Shaanxi, Sichuan, Guizhou and other places, Achyranthes is also used as medicine.

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